Kakegawa Castle[Castle Special Topic Japanese History]

[Castle Name]
Kakegawa Castle
Imagawa Family retainer Asahina Yasunari • Kakegawa Castle that was ruled by Asahina Yasutomo and developed by Yamauchi Kazutoyo

Kakegawa Castle is a castle located in Kakegawa City, Shizuoka Prefecture. It is said that it began when the Imagawa clan, Shugo (provincial constable) of Totomi Province, ordered his vassal, Asahina, to build it during the Muromachi period.
After that, the Imagawa clan continued to rule it, but the Imagawa family was destroyed by Takeda Shingen of Kai Province and Ieyasu Tokugawa of Mikawa Province during the Sengoku period (period of warring states).

掛川城:今川家家臣朝比奈泰能・朝比奈泰朝により統治され山内一豊が整備した掛川城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

As a result, the Takeda family will own the Suruga Province, and the Tokugawa family will own the Totomi Province. For a while, Ieyasu’s vassal 「Ienari Ishikawa」 was appointed as the castle keeper, but when the whole country came under the rule of Hideyoshi Toyotomi, Ieyasu was forcefully transferred to the Kanto region Hasshu, which the Hojo family ruled.

掛川城:今川家家臣朝比奈泰能・朝比奈泰朝により統治され山内一豊が整備した掛川城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

Along with this, the 5 provinces of Mikawa, Totomi, Suruga, Kai and Shinano, which were Ieyasu’s territory, were divided between the daimyo (Japanese feudal lord) who favored Hideyoshi.
At this time, 「Yamauchi Kazutoyo」 who was appointed to the post of 「Lord of Kakegawa Castle」 50,000 koku will later become the Governor of Tosa Province. It is said that it was during Yamauchi Kazutoyo’s era that the castle of the present was developed.

*Outer Citadel Palace (Reconstruction)
掛川城:今川家家臣朝比奈泰能・朝比奈泰朝により統治され山内一豊が整備した掛川城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

The lord of Kakegawa Castle in the Edo period changed rapidly and moved from 「Hisamatsu clan」, 「Aoyama clan」, 「Matsudaira clan」, 「Honda clan」, 「Matsudaira clan」, 「Hojo clan」, 「Ii clan」 and 「Ogasawara clan」.
At the end, the 「Ota clan」 welcomed the Meiji Restoration as the Castle lord. In the Meiji period, the 「Haijo Rei」 was issued nationwide, and Kakegawa Castle was destroyed.
The current Castle Tower was unusually reconstructed from wood 「Wooden Castle Tower Restoration (Three-ply, Four-Storey), and also, the Kakegawa Castle is designated as the forty-second famous castles of Japan’s 100 castles (4 stories).

1138 – 24, Kakegawa, Kakegawa City, Shizuoka Prefecture 436 – 0079


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