Ichinomiya Castle (Awa)[The feature on the castles; Japanese history]

一宮城(阿波)/アクセス・場所・地図 長宗我部元親軍と豊臣秀長との間で激戦地となった一宮城 【お城特集 日本の歴史】

[Castle name]
Ichinomiya castle
where the army of Chosokabe Motochika and Toyotomi Hideyoshi fought with each other

Ichinomiya Castle is a typical mountain castle that used natural geographical advantages. It is located in Ichinomiya Town, Tokushima City, Tokushima Province.
It is said that [Ogasawara Nagamune] destroyed [Ichinomiya Munenari] and built the castle in Engen 3 year.

一宮城(阿波)/アクセス・場所・地図 長宗我部元親軍と豊臣秀長との間で激戦地となった一宮城 【お城特集 日本の歴史】

After that[ Ogasawara Nagamune] named Mr. Ichinomiya and lived in Ichinomiya Castle for generations. [Ogasawara Nagamune] belonged to the South during the south and North Dynasties, and he was attacked by [Hosokawa Yoriharu] of the North.
Ryakuo 3 year (1340), Hosokawa army defeated Ogasawara Yoshimori of Ounichi Castle, and Mr. Ounishi of Hakuchi Castle as well as Ichinomiya Castle. Thanks to the natural advantage, Ichinomiya castle did not fall down, and Yoriharu’s son [Hosokawa Yoriyuki] signed alliance with Mr. Ichinomiya. [Ichinomiya Narimune] gave his power to his son [Ichinomiya Nariyuki]. After that, Mr. Ichinomiya became the head of the North.

一宮城(阿波)/アクセス・場所・地図 長宗我部元親軍と豊臣秀長との間で激戦地となった一宮城 【お城特集 日本の歴史】

When entering Sengoku Era, Mr. Miyoshi as the guardian expanded his influence, Mr. Ichinomiya established marrital relationship Mr. Miyoshi. On the other hand, when [Miyoshi Nagaharu] became the head of Awa Country, the vassal group of Mr. Miyoshi was divided, [Hosokawa Saneyuki] and [Miyoshi Nagaharu] came into fight.
[Ichinomiya Narisuke] who continuted to fight for Mr. Miyoshi, but as he was defeated by [Miyoshi Nagaharu], he was enclosed by Hosokawa army and became isolated. In addition, [Chosokabe Motochika] continued expanding his influence in Tosa Country.

一宮城(阿波)/アクセス・場所・地図 長宗我部元親軍と豊臣秀長との間で激戦地となった一宮城 【お城特集 日本の歴史】

When Miyoshi Nagaharu died, [Sogo Masayasu] expanded his influence and fought with Mr. Ichinomiya. At that time, Mr. Ichinomiya gained the power in the central government and he belonged to [Oda Nobunaga]. He accepted Nobunaga’s order and attacked Ichinomiya Castle.
In addition, in May Tensho 10 year (1582), [Miyoshi Yasunaga] surrendered to Oda Nobunaga, and attacked Awa as the leader with [Sogo Masayasu]. [Ichinomiya Narisuke] defended Inchinomiya Castle. In June Tensho 10 year (1582), when Oda Nobunaga was attacked by Akechi Mitsuhide at [Honno Temple Chaos], [Miyoshi Yasunaga] escaped to Kinki. [Chosokabe Motochika] did not let this chance escape, he saved energy and successfully attacked Awa.

一宮城(阿波)/アクセス・場所・地図 長宗我部元親軍と豊臣秀長との間で激戦地となった一宮城 【お城特集 日本の歴史】

[Ichinomiya Narisuke] won military battle at Motochika’s Awa battle, but he was suspected to have relationship with Miyoshi Nagayasu. As a result, he was killed. Motochika’s important vassal [Tani Tasazumi] and [Emura Chikatoshi] were appointed in Ichinomiya Castle. [Toyotomi Hidenaga] attacked the castle with 40000 soldiers but [Ichinomiya Castle] defended itself with only 10000 soldiers. However, in June the same year, it fell down.

一宮城(阿波)/アクセス・場所・地図 長宗我部元親軍と豊臣秀長との間で激戦地となった一宮城 【お城特集 日本の歴史】

After Chosokabe Motochika surrendered to Hashiba Hideyoshi, in September the same year, Hashiba Hideyoshi gave Awa to [Hachisuka Iemasa], and Ichinomiya Castle became the residence of Iemasa. However, due to the inconvenience of transportation, he built [Tokushima Castle] near the harbor and Ichinomiya Castle became abandoned.
Nowadays, bending wheels, stones, empty moats, well trace are still left on the current castle ruins.

Akasaka Nishiyama, Ichinomiya Town, Tokushima City, Tokushima Province


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