Nijo-jo Castle[Castle Special Topic Japanese History]

[Castle Name]
Nijo-jo Castle
Nijo-jo Castle, that is famous for the return of the great government of Yoshinobu Tokugawa, a famous cultural heritage of Kyoto

Nijo-jo Castle is a nationally designated historic site in Yamashiro Province (Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture), and it is also a valuable cultural structure that has been selected as a’ World Cultural Heritage’, and the current Nijo-jo Castle was built in the Tokugawa period, and there are at least 5 buildings named Nijo-jo Castle in the past.

1 : Yoshiteru Nijo Nijo-jo Castle
2 : Yoshiaki Nijo Nijo-jo Castle
3 : Sanehito-shinno Nijo Gosho
4 : Nijo-jo Castle during the Toyotomi family
5 : Nijo-jo Castle during the Tokugawa family

Nijo-jo Castle, which was erected for the Ashikaga Shogun family and the Imperial Prince, was called’ Nijo Gosho,’ and the Nijo-jo Castle in the Tokugawa period started construction in Keichou Era 6th year (1601) as a lodging house for Kyoto, and since then, the residence of the Tokugawa family was used as a lodging room for the residence of the Tokugawa family, and when the Shogun was absent, the Nijo-jo Castle keeper was placed in this position, and the roju (a member of shogun’s council of elders) and hatamoto (direct retainers of the Shogun) were appointed to this post in the absence of Shogun.

二条城:世界文化遺産で京都の名所 徳川慶喜大政奉還で有名な二条城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

At the end of the Edo period, Yoshinobu Tokugawa, who thought that the establishment of the government was difficult due to pressure from foreign countries (diplomatic relations and diplomatic relations) and the rise of the domestic male domain, carried out “Taisei Hokan” in Nijo-jo Castle, and it was a historical incident in which Yoshinobu Tokugawa returned to the “Imperial Court” in the end of the Edo period. Tokugawa Yoshinobi thought about taking over the use of the Tokugawa family by force through the Saigo, Chosun and Tosa clan, consisting of Satsuma, Choshu and Tosa clan, but Tokugawa family holding a vast territory and a large military force never existed as it was

二条城:世界文化遺産で京都の名所 徳川慶喜大政奉還で有名な二条城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

二条城:世界文化遺産で京都の名所 徳川慶喜大政奉還で有名な二条城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

After all, the war broke out and the Battle of Toba-Fushimi broke out, and the Tokugawa family was defeated in many places in the West Province with many new modern weapons, and Yoshinobu was finally ordered the Emperor Government system is laid down, the “Meiji Government” was born. On the other hand, Nijo Castle has been burnt down due to numerous fires, and Ninomaru Godo remains, making it a tourist attraction in Kyoto. Nijo-jo Castle is also selected as the 53rd famous castle of Japan’s 100 famous castles.

二条城:世界文化遺産で京都の名所 徳川慶喜大政奉還で有名な二条城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

[Address, access]
541 Nijo Jocho, Nakagyo Ward, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture, 604 – 8301


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