Bicchutakamatsu Castle[Castle Special Topic Japanese History]

[Castle name]
Bicchutakamatsu Castle
A Major Flooded by Hideyoshi Hashiba; A Castle of Muneharu Shimizu, Bicchutakamatsu Castle

Bicchutakamatsu Castle is famous for having been flooded by Hideyoshi Hashiba. It is often referred to as “Flooded Takamatsu Castle”. It is currently located in Kita-Ku, Okayama-Shi, Okayama. At the time of the attack by Hideyoshi Hashiba, it was very difficult to attack the castle because it was in a wetland. There was mud and swamp surrounding the castle.

備中高松城:羽柴秀吉による大規模な水攻め 清水宗治の居城 備中高松城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

The owner of the castle, Muneharu Shimizu didn’t accept a summons to surrender from Hideyoshi and he pledged loyalty to the Mouri clan. Once the castle was flooded because of Kurodakanzei’s strategy, Muneharu committed harakiri in exchange for Hideyoshi sparing the lives of his soldiers and citizens.

備中高松城:羽柴秀吉による大規模な水攻め 清水宗治の居城 備中高松城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

At the same time, the Honno-jo incident was breaking out in the capital city and Mitsuhide Akechi already killed Nobunaga Oga who was Hideyoshi’s master.Hideyoshi went hurriedly to a reconciliation with the Mouri clan and so that he could avenge his master’s lord’s death.

備中高松城:羽柴秀吉による大規模な水攻め 清水宗治の居城 備中高松城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

He defeated Mitsuhide Akechi at the battle of Yamazaki and named himself the successor of the Nobunaga clan. On the other hand, Takamatsu castle was settled to become a part of Ukita territory and Nasanari Hanabusa was became the owner after a reconciliation with the Mouri clan. In 1600, the battle of Sekigahara broke out and Motohide Hanabusa was appointed to be the new owner. However, Bicchutakamatsu Castle became a deserted castle after an order of Ikkoku-Ichijo announced.

備中高松城:羽柴秀吉による大規模な水攻め 清水宗治の居城 備中高松城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

The embankment that Hideyoshi built, the monument of Muneharu-jijin, and burial mounds still remain in current castle ruins. It is designated as a historical park and its moat and earthwork continue to be maintained.

備中高松城:羽柴秀吉による大規模な水攻め 清水宗治の居城 備中高松城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

558-2 Takamatsu Kita-ku, Okayama-shi, Okayama-ken 701-1335


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