Okayama Castle[The feature on the castles; Japanese history]

岡山城:乱世の梟雄 宇喜多直家の居城 【お城特集 日本の歴史】

[Castle name]
Okayama Castle
Leader of the troubled times, Residence of Ukita Naoie Hideie, Okayama Castle.

Okayama Castle is a castle that Ukita used as a castle during the Sengoku Era. In the Edo era “Okayama clan 2nd lord “Ikeda Tsunamasa” is famous as the current “Japan Three Giant Gardens”, which landscaped as his own garden.

Currently Okayama Castle has become a nationally designated historic site, Ukita prospered to the extent of Ukita Naoya great prosperity. After that, when Hashidoba Hideyoshi (Toyotomi Hideyoshi) fight against China, it decides to leave Mouri family and follow Oda. And it becomes the feudal era police rank of the Hideyoshi army in Chugoku region.

岡山城:乱世の梟雄 宇喜多直家の居城 【お城特集 日本の歴史】

However, in Hideyoshi’s China supression war, in the Kyoto rebellion of Akechi Mitsuhide, the owner Oda Nobunaga will be killed. Hideyoshi suddenly leaves the Chinese province and heads to Kyoto and develops a battle of revenge of Nobunaga with Akechi Mitsuhide.

The battle ended with the victory of the Hideyoshi army, and from there it will be the way to unification of Hashiba Hideyoshi. In one incident, in Okayama castle Ukita Naoei died due to illness, and a son “Utaka Hideie” inherited the family headship.

岡山城:乱世の梟雄 宇喜多直家の居城 【お城特集 日本の歴史】

Hideya was adopted by Hashiba Hideyoshi (Toyotomi Hideyoshi) and received the benefit from him. After that, he joined the unification of Hideyoshi ‘s Tenkai many times and is chosen as one of the five elderly. In addition to Hidemoto, Tokugawa Ieyasu, Maeda Toshiie, Mouri Terumoto, Uesugi Kagekatsu were appointed to five elderly people.

Under such circumstances, after the death of Hideyoshi, five leaders of Magistrate “Ishida Mitsunari” and “Tokugawa Ieyasu” relationship worsened and the battle of Sekigahara began, Hideyoshi who was deeply inferior to Hideie (Ishida Mitsunari Army), this will clarify the flag.

岡山城:乱世の梟雄 宇喜多直家の居城 【お城特集 日本の歴史】

After all, the Battle of Tokugawa Ieyasu led by the Tokugawa victory, and the Hideya managed to get away from death only by Maeda’s desperate effort and finished with sacrifice to Hachijojima.

After that, To Okayama Castle, Kobayakawa Hidetaki, who went back from the West Army to the East Army at the Sekigahara battle, is enclosed. However, because Hidetako suddenly died young and there was no successor, it will be extinction of the house.

岡山城:乱世の梟雄 宇喜多直家の居城 【お城特集 日本の歴史】

Next Ikeda family, Ikeda family is also a house that is in a relationship by marriage with the Tokugawa family, so it survives the Edo era without anything and they will approach the Meiji Restoration.

2-3-1 Marunouchi North Ward Okayama City Okayama Prefecture 700-0823


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