Nakamura Castle[Castle Special Topic Japanese History]

中村城:公家の一条家が京都から下向して戦国大名へ 一条兼定の居城 土佐中村城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

[Castle Name]
Nakamura Castle
The court Noble’s Ichijo Family Moved from Kyoto to the Sengoku Daimyo (Japanese Territorial Lord in the Sengoku Period), Ichijo Kanesada’s Residence, Tosa Nakamura Castle

Nakamura-jo Castle was located in Shimanto City, Kochi Prefecture. The Ichijo family, originally residing in Kyoto, went down to Tosa Village, Tosa Province, where the turmoil of the Onin War was avoided, and this was the beginning of the Tosa Ichijo family, which was also called 「Nakamura Gosho」 from the neighborhood because the Ichijo family was a historic family.

中村城:公家の一条家が京都から下向して戦国大名へ 一条兼定の居城 土佐中村城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

The Ichijo family transformed into a Sengoku daimyo, continued a fierce battle between the “Chosokabe clan” of the Tosa Oko Castle and the “Motoyama clan” of the Motoyama. And when “Chosokabe Motochika” eventually started amassing power, Motoyama clan, Kira clan, Aki clan, went down one after another, until the conquest of the Tosa Province.

On the other hand, the Ichijo family was losing the trust of all the senior vassals. As such, “Kaneda” was attacked by the Chosokabe Army and depended on “Otomo Sorin” from Kyushu Bungo and was able to slip away from the castle. Motochika Chosokabe, who was the eldest son 「Tadamasa」 of Kanesada, became the successor of the Ichijo family and married off his daughter and became the guardian, and the unification of Tosa Province was established by virtue of the “Chosokabe family”.

中村城:公家の一条家が京都から下向して戦国大名へ 一条兼定の居城 土佐中村城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

After that, the unified battle of Shikoku was started by the Chosokabe family, but in the time when the unification was only a little bit more, Shikoku was conquered by 「Hideyoshi Toyotomi」 who boasts huge power in the center, and were utterly defeated in this battle. and after the death of the Tosa family, the’ Battle of Sekigahara’ broke out between Ieyasu Tokugawa (the Eastern army) who rapidly advances the path to becoming the single ruler and Mitsunari Ishida (the Western camp), who tried to prevent it.

At the Chosokabe family, Motochika died, and the head of the family was the fourth son, Morichika, who decided to join the Western Camp led by Mitsunari, but the Western camp was defeated in the Battle of Sekigahara, and the Western Camp came back to Tosa after the battle of Sekigahara, but the territory was confiscated, and after that,’ Yamauchi Kazutoyo’ was put into Tosa Province from the Enshu Kakegawa Castle.

中村城:公家の一条家が京都から下向して戦国大名へ 一条兼定の居城 土佐中村城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

Kazutoyo founded the Kochi Castle and started construction of the castle, and the castle was abandoned due to the fact that “Ichikoku Ichijo Rei” was issued, and the current Nakamura Castle Remains became “Tamematsu Park”, and the imitation Castle Tower (Shimanto City Local Museum) was built at the site of the outer citadel.

Nakamura Marunochi, Shimanto City, Kochi


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