Hamamatau Castle[Castle Special Topic Japanese History]

浜松城:三方ヶ原の戦いはここから出撃 駿河国配領前の徳川家康の本城 浜松城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

[Castle name]
Hamamatsu Castle
Ieyasu Tokugawa’s main castle before he owned the land of Suruga; Ieyasu headed to the Battle of Mikatagahara from this castle

Hamamatsu Castle was a flatland castle located in Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka.
The original chief of the castle was the Itao clan who worked for Yoshimoto Imagawa as his minister. The castle was called Hikuma Castle during this period.

After the death of Yoshimoto Imagawa at the Battle of Okehazama, Tsuratatsu Itao served for Ujizane Imagawa, who succeeded Yoshimoto. Tsuratatsu was killed for being suspected that he would betray the Imagawa clan. This incident divided Itao clan between Tokugawa side and Imagawa side.

浜松城:三方ヶ原の戦いはここから出撃 駿河国配領前の徳川家康の本城 浜松城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

Taking advantage of this instability within Ito clan, Ieyasu took over Hamamatsu Castle without trouble. Ieyasu moved into this castle with his intention to conquer the east, repaired the building, and changed its name to Hamamatsu Castle from Hikuma Castle.

In 1573, Shingen won over numbers of Tokugawa castles in Totoumi, but didn’t even paid attention to Hamamatsu Castle. That was a Shingen’s strategy to provoke Ieyasu.

浜松城:三方ヶ原の戦いはここから出撃 駿河国配領前の徳川家康の本城 浜松城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

Ieyasu fell for Shingen’s trick without the second thought, and it led to the Battle of Mikatagahara.

Ieyasu surrendered at the battle due to the difference in the number of Takeda and Tokugawa forces. Ieyasu himself went back to Hamamatsu Castle with a few ministers, and prepared for a siege. The Shingen force, however, passed by Hamamatsu Castle and marched forward to the west. On his mission, Shingen passed away from an illness. After Shingen’s death, Ieyasu reclaimed his lost lands and castles and established himself as a ruler of Totoumi.

浜松城:三方ヶ原の戦いはここから出撃 駿河国配領前の徳川家康の本城 浜松城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

At Meiji Restoration, Hamamatsu Castle was abandoned and destroyed. The castle ruin was restored as Hamatsu Castle Park in 1950, and a restored concrete castle tower was built in 1958. The next year in 1959, Hamamatsu Castle was chosen for a historic site of Hamamatsu-shi.

100-2 Motoshiro-cho Naka-ku Hamamatsu-shi, Shizuoka 430-0946


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