Tsutsujigasaki Castle[Castle Special Topic Japanese History]

[Castle name]
Tsutsujigasaki Castle (Takeda shrine)
Protector Nobutora Takega from Kai, Shingen’s Tsutsujigasaki Castle (Takeda shrine)

Tsutsujigasaki Castle was owned by the governor Takege from Kai province. It is in the middle-ages style and currently located in Kofuchu, Kofu-Shi, Yamanashi. It was also the center of demesne business. The castle used to be in Koufubonchiiwasa. Takeda clan remade the castle town around Tsutsujigasaki castle when Nobumasa was in power.

躑躅ヶ崎館:甲斐の守護武田信虎・信玄の躑躅ヶ崎館(武田神社)【お城特集 日本の歴史】

In 1519, the head of Takeda at the time, Nobutora Takeda (father of Shingen) unified the Kai province and made a solid foundation for the castle. He didn’t build a full-scale castle in his headquarters because his basic policy is that the
best way of defending from an invading force is near a border.

躑躅ヶ崎館:甲斐の守護武田信虎・信玄の躑躅ヶ崎館(武田神社)【お城特集 日本の歴史】

He built Yougaiyama castle behind a mountain and strengthened defences surround it. Takeda clan expanded their power to Kai, Shinano, Ueno, Suruga, Toutouni and a part of Mikawa when Shingen Takeda was the head. After Shingen death, Shingen’s grandson, Nobukatsu succeeded him and Katsuyori Takeda governed the country as a successor.

躑躅ヶ崎館:甲斐の守護武田信虎・信玄の躑躅ヶ崎館(武田神社)【お城特集 日本の歴史】

In 1582, Takeda clan was brought to extinction because of an attack by the allied forces of Nobunaga Oda, Ieyasu Tokugawa and Hojo clan at the same time. Shortly after, Nobunaga Oda was killed by Mitsuhide Akechi at the battle of Honno-ji and Ieyasu Tokugawa conquered the Kai province, Shinano and Suruga and Tsutsujigasaki Castle were deserted.

However, Ieyasu needed a base castle to be able to influence the Kai province,so the Koufu castle was built. Once the castle was completely built, it became the center of demesne business in the area and people forgot about Tsutsujigasaki Castle. Tsutsujigasaki Castle is being restored to its original look by maintaining and restoring earthwork and moat.

■ Takeda shrine on the premises
躑躅ヶ崎館:甲斐の守護武田信虎・信玄の躑躅ヶ崎館(武田神社)【お城特集 日本の歴史】

Tsutsujigasaki Castle is number 24 of Japan’s Top 100 Castles.

2611 Kofuchūmachi Kōfu-shi, Yamanashi-ken 400-0014


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