Bichuu Matsuyama Castle[Castle Special Topic Japanese History]

備中松山城:幕末には板倉勝静が山田方谷を執政に抜擢 日本三大山城備中松山城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

[Castle name]
Bitchu Matsuyama Castle
At the end of the Bakumatsu Itakura Katsushizu selects Yamada Valley as a consul in Japan Three major mountain castle, Bitchuu Matsuyama castle.

[Explanation]
Bitchu Matsuyama Castle is a mountain castle in the present Takahashi city, Okayama prefecture. Alongside Takatori Castle of Gifu Prefecture and Iwamura Castle of Nara Prefecture, it is counted as one of Japan’s three major Oyama castles. The castle is situated at the summit of 430 m above sea level and is known as an outcast tower which is the highest in the Japan.

備中松山藩/場所・アクセス・地図 板倉家5万石:板倉勝静 老中主座を務めた藩主自ら函館五稜郭まで転戦した備中松山藩【幕末維新写真館】

In the Sengoku Era, Mimura governed the castle, which is frequently attacked by “Utaka Naoie” based on Okayama Castle. In the first year of Genki (1570), Ukita Uji was robbed of his castle, but the castle was recaptured again under the protection of Mouri. After that Mouri is moving away from Rihan towards Oda.

備中松山藩/場所・アクセス・地図 板倉家5万石:板倉勝静 老中主座を務めた藩主自ら函館五稜郭まで転戦した備中松山藩【幕末維新写真館】

Because of this, Mouri attacked the owner “Mimura Motohiro” at the time of the attack and self-harmed and the castle fell. After that, it becomes a castle that Mouri will rule. Keicho 5th year (1600), When the battle of Sekigahara broke out, Mouri was drastically eliminated, Kobori was assigned as a castle guard to Matsuyama Castle, and then it becomes “Ikeda’s” territory.

備中松山藩/場所・アクセス・地図 板倉家5万石:板倉勝静 老中主座を務めた藩主自ら函館五稜郭まで転戦した備中松山藩【幕末維新写真館】

In the Edo Era, Mizugaishi, Ando and Ishikawa replace the castle owner, finally “Itakura” of Daimyo Tokugawa family entered at 50,000 Jewels and approached the end of the Edo Period. The castle consisted of Inner Citadel, Outer Citadel and Outermost region of the castle, and since the political affairs at the summit were inconvenient during the Edo period, they placed the palace at the foot of the mountain, where they took residence and political affairs of the lords.

The current “Bitchu Matsuyama Castle” is designated as an important cultural asset of the country and a historical site of the country, and it restores main staff maintenance and many towers and gates. It has also been selected for 68th Japan No. 100th National Castle.

備中松山藩/場所・アクセス・地図 板倉家5万石:板倉勝静 老中主座を務めた藩主自ら函館五稜郭まで転戦した備中松山藩【幕末維新写真館】

The “Yamada Valley” of the government who reformed the Bichuu Matsuyama domain at the end of the Tokugawa period is also famous for a youmei scholar.






[Address,access]
Takahashi City Okayama 1 Okayama prefecture 7116-0004

[Map]





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