Ushiku Castle (Jinya Ushiku)[Castle Special Topic Japanese History]

牛久城:関ヶ原の戦いの戦功にて山口重政が1万石を配領した牛久城(牛久陣屋)【お城特集 日本の歴史】

[Castle Name]
Ushiku Castle (Jinya Ushiku)
where Shigemasa Yamaguchi dispatched 10,000 koku during the battle of Sekigahara

The Ushiku Castle is believed to have been built by Okami clan, a family member of the Oda clan of Tsuchiura in the Sengoku period. Although the Okami clan was surbodinate to Oda clan, it was subject to attacks from the Tagaya clan and the Satake clan, which were adjacent, and gradually came to follow the Hojo clan, which sought to conquer the Kanto region.

牛久城:関ヶ原の戦いの戦功にて山口重政が1万石を配領した牛久城(牛久陣屋)【お城特集 日本の歴史】

In the Hojo family, Ushiku Castle was valued in preparation for the southward side of the Satake clan, and the 「Takagi clan」 of Kogane Castle and the 「Toshima clan」 of Fukawa Castle were dispatched as reinforcements. With this the Okami clan defended the Ushiku castle to the last, but the Okami Castle was attacked in the outbreak during the conquest of Hojo by 「Hideyoshi Toyotomi」, and capitulated.

牛久城:関ヶ原の戦いの戦功にて山口重政が1万石を配領した牛久城(牛久陣屋)【お城特集 日本の歴史】

After the confiscation of the territory, the Okami clan forfeited the fief, and then the Yura clan entered Ushiku Castle. However, in the 5th Year of Keichou Era (1600) after the Battle of Sekigahara Ushiku Castle was abandoned. Ieyasu Tokugawa, who in effect became the ruler from the battle of Sekigahara, exerted his power to stabilize the Kanto region, and appointed his vassal 「Shigemasa Yamaguchi」 who possesses frequent war merits as the lord of the Ushiku Domain, and established Ushiku Jinya.

牛久城:関ヶ原の戦いの戦功にて山口重政が1万石を配領した牛久城(牛久陣屋)【お城特集 日本の歴史】

This was the beginning of the Ushiku Domain, and the founder of the Ushiku Domain, 「Yamaguchi Shigemasa」 entered into the territory with 15,000 koku, gave out 5,000 koku to be distributed among relatives, which resulted in a total of 10,000 koku. Ushiku Domain did not replace the lord of the castle, and the Yamaguchi clan continued its reign throughout the Edo period as they welcomed the Meiji Restoration. Currently the redevelopment of Ushiku city progresses and it is no longer possible to observe the traces of the Ushiku Jinya, but it’s remains can still be seen faintly.

Jochucho, Ushiku City, Ibaraki


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