Tsuwano Castle (Sanbonmatsu Castle)[The feature on the castles; Japanese history]

津和野城:山陰地方の天空の城 亀井政矩が居城 津和野城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

[Castle name]
Tsuwano Castle (Sanbonmatsu Castle)
Tsuwano castle was where Masanori Came resided, also known as a castle in the sky in Sanin region

[Explanation]
Tsuwano castle was a mountain castle located in Tsuwano in Shimane prefecture. It is a typical mountain castle that was built at the top of a mountain that was 367m, and it was located in the south west side of Tsuwano basin. During Kamakura period, in 1283, Yoriyuki Yoshimi came to this area to protect the along the coast of the west Iwami region.

津和野城:山陰地方の天空の城 亀井政矩が居城 津和野城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

The construction of the castle began in 1295, and it was completed in 1324. After the completion Yoshimi-shi continued to govern this region for 14 generations. Yoshimi-shi belonged to Ouchi-shi during the early Sengoku period, but towards the end of Sengoku period they belonged to Mori-shi. The 11th generation lord, Masayori Yoshimi, defeated Sue troops after the battle against Harukata Sue, who defeated Ouchi-shi, that went on for more than 100 days.

津和野城:山陰地方の天空の城 亀井政矩が居城 津和野城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

At that time Mori-shi supported Yoshimi, and from then on they belonged to Mori-shi, In 1600, the 14th generation lord, Hironaga Yoshimi, protected Osaka castle at the battle of Sekigahara. However, Mori-shi was defeated and Yoshimi-shi was sent to Hagi along with Mori-shi.

津和野城:山陰地方の天空の城 亀井政矩が居城 津和野城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

Instead Naomori Sakazaki, who belonged to the east troops, became the owner of the castle and started to remodel it. Demaru (small towers built onto and projecting from a larger castle) and Oribemaru were built, and the castle tower was also built in Ninomaru. In 1616 Naomori committed suicide at the incident of Senhime, and Sakazaki-shi was subject to Kaieki.

In 1617, Masanori Kamei became the owner of the castle. Hancho (domain office) was placed at Tsuwano basin. Since then until the Meiji restoration, the castle became the residence of 11 generations of Kamei-shi. In 1686, Tsuwano castle was hit by a lightening and burnt down, and it was never rebuilt.

津和野城:山陰地方の天空の城 亀井政矩が居城 津和野城【お城特集 日本の歴史】

In 1871 it was completely demolished, and on October 14th 1942, it was registered as a national historic site. On April 6th 2006, it as chosen as the 66th castle of Japan’s 100 famous castles.






[Address,access]
Ushiroda, Tsuwano, Kanoashi-gun, Shimane

[Map]





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